A strong, sturdy and stylish roof is arguably one of the most important elements of your home. And yet, every 30 to 75 years, extensive damage may signal that it’s time to start from scratch and design a new roof. Full roof replacement costs between $6,700 and $80,000, or approximately $11,500 for an average-sized home. Why the large range? It turns out that you have plenty of options when it comes to the type of roof you can choose.

House undergoing roof replacement

How Much Does a Roof Replacement Cost?

Are you considering a roof replacement but unsure about the expenses involved? It’s essential to grasp the key factors influencing the cost to ensure informed decision-making. Let’s delve into the details.

Factors Influencing Roof Replacement Costs

  • Type of Materials: The materials used for your roof significantly impact the overall cost. Whether you opt for traditional asphalt shingles, durable aluminum, timeless clay, or elegant copper, each material comes with its own price tag. 
  • Roof Design and Size: The size and design of your roof play a crucial role in determining the replacement cost. Typically, roofs range between 1,000 and 3,000 square feet, but intricate designs or larger sizes may incur additional expenses

Understanding Pricing Structures

When it comes to estimating the cost of your roof replacement, it’s important to understand pricing structures:

  • Materials Cost: Roofing materials are typically priced per square foot, bundle, or roofing square (a 10 ft by 10 ft area). Your choice of material will dictate this cost component. 
  • Labor Costs: Labor constitutes a significant portion, often up to 60%, of the total replacement cost. Factors such as location, complexity of the job, and labor rates in your area influence this aspect.

Average Roof Replacement Cost

The average cost of roof replacement in the United States typically ranges from $5,000 to $30,000. However, this figure can fluctuate based on several key factors.

Our comprehensive analysis takes into account the most common roof sizes, prevalent materials, and average labor rates nationwide. While individual circumstances may vary, this average provides a useful benchmark for estimating your roof replacement expenses.


When choosing a roofing contractor, opt for a professional with specific experience in roof replacements. Not only can they help you make the call to replace instead of performing repairs, but they will also help you design the roof that’s best for your home.

The price of the service accounts for between $2 and $7 per square foot on average. The high end of this range accounts for complex jobs with steep roofs, hard-to-access areas and regions with higher costs of living. Your contractor may charge between $40 and $60 per hour for the work, but flat-rate estimates are more common for large projects like these.


When it comes to replacing your roof, about 40% to 50% of the total expenses are allocated to materials. Let’s dissect this expense to understand where your money is going.

  • Roofing Material: This includes shingles, shakes, tiles, or any other material you choose for your roof. The type of material significantly influences the overall cost. 
  • Underlayment: A crucial layer beneath the visible roofing material, providing an extra barrier against water infiltration and enhancing insulation. 
  • New Flashing: Essential for sealing vulnerable areas like chimneys, skylights, and vents, preventing leaks and ensuring longevity. 
  • Roof Ridges and Vents: These components are vital for proper ventilation and structural integrity, contributing to the overall functionality of your roof. 
  • Building Supplies: Apart from the main materials, you’ll also need nails, tools, ladders, and other equipment necessary for installation.

Types of Roofing Materials

When it comes to roofing, making the right choice can save you both time and money in the long run. Let’s delve into the different types of roofing materials and their associated costs.

  • Asphalt Shingles: Asphalt shingles have long been a popular choice due to their affordability and variety of styles. However, it’s essential to consider their maintenance costs over time. While they may be budget-friendly upfront, they may require more frequent repairs and replacements compared to other options 
  • Wooden Shakes: Wooden shakes offer a rustic charm and natural aesthetic to your home. Yet, they demand regular maintenance to prevent issues like rotting or warping. Factor in the ongoing upkeep costs when considering wooden shakes for your roof. 
  • Slate Tiles: Slate tiles exude elegance and durability, making them a premium choice for many homeowners. While they come with a higher initial investment, their longevity and minimal maintenance requirements often justify the cost over time. 
  • Metal Roofing: Metal roofing has gained popularity for its resilience and longevity, especially in areas prone to extreme weather conditions. Although the upfront cost may be higher than asphalt shingles, the minimal maintenance and longevity of metal roofing can make it a cost-effective option in the long term.

Consider Your Climate and Budget

When selecting a roofing material, it’s crucial to factor in your local climate, as certain materials perform better in specific conditions. Additionally, assess your budget and weigh the initial cost against long-term maintenance expenses. Remember, investing in a quality roof can enhance both the aesthetic appeal and resale value of your home.

It shows a house with full roof replacement on one side and partial repair

Full Roof Replacement vs. Partial: Understanding Costs and Considerations

When it comes to your roof, making the right decision between a full or partial replacement can save you both headaches and dollars. Let’s delve into the nuances.

Partial Roof Replacement: Budget-Friendly Solutions

In certain scenarios, opting for a partial roof replacement can be a smart move. Picture this: a fierce storm wreaks havoc on just one section of your roof, or perhaps one tier of a multi-layered roof shows signs of wear and tear. Here’s where a partial replacement shines. By addressing only the affected area, you not only cut down on labor costs but also minimize the materials required, translating to savings in your pocket.

Full Roof Replacement: Ensuring Long-Term Stability

On the flip side, aging roofs that fall short of current building codes may demand a total overhaul. Think of it as a makeover for your home’s protective crown. By replacing the entire roof in one go, you not only uphold uniform aesthetics but also bolster its structural integrity for the long haul. It’s a proactive approach that pays off in stability and peace of mind.

Whether you opt for a partial fix or a complete overhaul, weigh the costs and benefits carefully. Your choice today could shape your roof’s performance and your budget’s bottom line for years to come.

Two contrasting roof sides, damaged and newly replaced

Repair or Replace: Making the Right Call for Your Roof

When faced with the question of whether to repair or replace your roof, it’s essential to weigh several factors carefully. By evaluating the age of your roof, the extent of damage, and your budget constraints, you can make an informed decision that aligns with both practicality and financial considerations.

Roof Age 

If your roof is relatively new and the damage is isolated or minor, opting for repairs can be a cost-effective choice. However, if your roof is nearing the end of its lifespan, replacing it entirely may be the more practical option, as repairs might only serve as a temporary fix.

Damage Severity 

When damage is confined to a small area, such as localized leaks or a few missing shingles, repairs are often a practical and budget-friendly solution. Conversely, if the damage is extensive or poses a threat to the structural integrity of your roof, a complete replacement might be necessary.

Financial Factors

Minor repairs typically come with a lower price tag compared to a full replacement, making them a suitable option for smaller issues. Although a roof replacement requires a higher initial investment, it can prove to be more cost-effective in the long run, especially if repairs become frequent and start to accumulate.

Ultimately, the goal is to avoid a complete roof replacement whenever possible, considering its significant cost and the disruption it can bring to your life as a homeowner. As a general rule, if the area requiring repairs is smaller than 100 square feet, opting for minor repairs can provide a cost-effective solution and help you sidestep the need for a full replacement.

Price Difference: Roof Repair vs. Replacement

When it comes to maintaining your roof, knowing the cost difference between repairs and replacement is key. On average, repairing a roof can range from $150 to $7,000. These repairs typically address common issues like leaks, peeling shingles, or damage to various components such as flashing, underlayment, deck, or ridge caps.

However, it’s important to be aware of potential larger issues such as structural damage, rot, mold, or signs of extensive pest infestation. These can be more serious and might necessitate a full roof replacement. Being informed about these factors can help you make the right decision for your home and budget.”

A house with on-going roof construction

Additional Roof Replacement Cost Factors to Consider

When it comes to replacing your roof, it’s essential to consider all the factors that can impact the overall cost. Beyond just the materials and labor, there are additional expenses you may encounter throughout the process. Let’s delve into some of these crucial considerations to help you plan effectively.

  • Removal of Current Roof: Before installing a new roof, the old one needs to come off. While you might consider doing it yourself to save money, it’s often best left to the professionals. The cost of removing an old roof typically ranges from $1 to $5 per square foot, depending on the complexity. This cost includes not just labor but also hauling away the debris. Doing it yourself might seem cheaper, but don’t forget to factor in potential expenses, which could add up to around $600 for junk removal alone. 
  • Structural Repairs: During the removal process, it’s common to uncover underlying issues with the structure of your roof or the home itself. These could range from damaged rafters to deteriorating sheathing. Addressing these issues promptly is crucial to ensuring the longevity and integrity of your new roof. However, be prepared for additional costs associated with repairing these structural elements. 
  • Additional Materials and Accessories: While you may have budgeted for the main roofing materials, don’t overlook the cost of additional materials and accessories. This includes items such as flashing, underlayment, and ventilation systems, all of which play a vital role in the performance and durability of your roof. 
  • Permit Fees and Regulations: Depending on where you live, you may need permits for roof replacement projects. These permits come with associated fees that need to be factored into your budget. Additionally, make sure to familiarize yourself with local building codes and regulations to avoid any costly surprises during the project. 
  • Unexpected Delays: Finally, it’s essential to anticipate potential delays that could impact the timeline and cost of your roof replacement. Inclement weather, supply chain disruptions, or unforeseen issues discovered during the project can all lead to delays and additional expenses. Building some flexibility into your budget and schedule can help mitigate the impact of these unforeseen circumstances.

Required Repairs 

When you’re gearing up for a roof replacement, seize the opportunity to bolster the integrity of your structure. It’s prime time to tackle underlying issues, fend off pests, and spruce up those gutters. As previously mentioned, roof repair expenses can vary from $150 to $7,000. Let’s delve into some potential costs:

  • Underlayment Replacement: $2 to $3 per square foot 
  • Restoring Roof Water Damage: $400 to $1,700 
  • Repairing or Replacing Roof Trusses: $500 to $5,000 
  • Replacing Roof Insulation: $1,000 to $2,500 
  • Vent Repair: $75 to $250 
  • Fascia Repair or Replacement: $450 to $4,000 
  • Ridge Cap Repair or Replacement: $200 to $750

Enhance Your Roofing: Skylights, Chimneys, and More

When it comes to roofing, factors like skylights, dormer windows, chimneys, and soffits demand extra attention. They necessitate specific flashing and precise measurements for roofing materials. This adds to the overall cost of roof replacement, particularly in labor expenses. Prices can fluctuate significantly based on the roof’s size and the materials needed to accommodate each unique feature.

Tackling Cleanup Expenses

If you’ve ever wondered about that additional expense on your bill ranging from $50 to $500 for cleanup and local disposal, here’s the lowdown. While you have the option to DIY the cleanup at a similar cost, keep in mind that your contractor brings expertise in managing bulky materials.

Roof Warranty and Insurance 

When it comes to safeguarding your roof, understanding your warranty and insurance coverage is key. Let’s break it down:

  • Roof Warranty Basics: A roof warranty typically covers installation errors and manufacturer defects. If your roof develops issues due to faulty installation or manufacturing defects, your warranty could step in to cover repair or replacement costs. 
  • Home Warranty Coverage: Your home warranty often covers repairs related to leaks and other structural issues. However, the extent of coverage can vary, so it’s essential to review your policy to understand what’s included. 
  • Homeowner’s Insurance Protection: Homeowner’s insurance comes into play for damage caused by natural disasters like storms or wildfires. If your roof sustains damage from such events, your insurance policy may cover the cost of repairs or replacement. 
  • Navigating Full Roof Replacement: While partial repairs are often covered by warranties and insurance, full roof replacement can be trickier. Coverage eligibility hinges on the reason for the replacement. If it’s due to a covered event like a storm, your insurance policy may foot the bill. However, if it’s due to wear and tear, you may need to rely on your warranty or self-funding.

House with aging roof showing signs of needing replacement

Top Indicators It’s Time for a Roof Replacement

Recognizing the telltale signs indicating the need for a new roof is crucial to maintaining your home’s structural integrity and longevity. Your roof serves as a shield, enduring wear and tear over time. From obvious external cues to subtle hints within your living space, these signs should not be overlooked.

  • Roof Age: If your roof is approaching the end of its typical lifespan (around 20-25 years for asphalt shingles), it’s likely due for a replacement. 
  • Visible Damage: Missing shingles, cracks, or curling edges are clear signs of wear and tear, signaling the need for a new roof. 
  • Leaks and Water Stains: Persistent leaks or water stains on ceilings and walls indicate potential roofing issues. While some leaks can be patched, extensive problems may necessitate a complete roof replacement. 
  • Sagging Roof Deck: A drooping or sagging roof suggests underlying structural issues such as trapped moisture, rot, or weakened supports. Promptly addressing these issues is crucial, as they may require a new roof installation. 
  • Granule Loss: Excessive granule loss from shingles, visible in gutters or on the ground, indicates aging and diminished protection. 
  • Mold or Moss Growth: The presence of mold, moss, or algae on the roof surface signals decay and excessive moisture. While cleaning may offer a temporary fix, a new roof may be necessary for a lasting solution. 
  • Roof Rot or Decay: Soft or spongy spots on the roof reveal rot or decay in underlying materials, compromising structural integrity and necessitating a new roof. 
  • Visible Sunlight in the Attic: Sunlight shining through the attic ceiling indicates gaps or holes in the roof, allowing water ingress and compromising home insulation. 
  • Energy Inefficiency: Unexpected spikes in energy bills may result from inadequate roof insulation or ventilation. Upgrading to an energy-efficient roof can address these issues and potentially reduce energy costs. 
  • Storm Damage: Severe weather like heavy snowfall, hailstorms, or hurricanes can cause significant roof damage. Thoroughly inspect your roof after exposure to such conditions to determine if repairs are necessary.

DIY vs professional roof work, showing chaos and efficiency

DIY Roof Replacement vs. Hiring a Professional

Are you considering taking on the challenge of roofing your own house? While it may seem like a money-saving venture, DIY roof replacement is no walk in the park. Before you climb that ladder, let’s weigh the pros and cons of going the DIY route versus hiring a professional.

DIY Roof Replacement: Is it Feasible?

Roofing your home yourself can be a tempting prospect, especially if you’re handy with power tools and comfortable working at heights. However, it’s essential to recognize that roofing is an advanced DIY project that requires a high level of skill and experience. If you’re not confident in your abilities, it’s best to leave this job to the pros.

DIY vs. Professional: The Cost Factor 

While DIY roofing can save you between $2 and $7 per square foot on professional labor, it’s essential to consider the potential risks. Roofing errors can result in costly repairs down the line, including damage to your roof, attic, home framing, and surrounding eaves. Water damage, mold growth, and structural issues are not uncommon when DIY projects go awry.

Pro Tip: What to Consider When Hiring a Professional

Before you decide to hire a roofing contractor, it’s crucial to do your homework. Make sure you fully understand the quote and what services are included. Ask questions such as:

  • Will the existing shingles be removed, or will the contractor add another layer? 
  • Will they replace damaged sheathing, and what type of flashing will they use and where? 
  • Does the replacement include a watertight membrane, and will it meet standard code or go beyond? 
  • Depending on your climate, you may want to consider upgrades beyond the standard code for flashing and membrane.

Keep in mind that contractors may provide quotes based on the bare minimum requirements, so it’s essential to clarify these details upfront.


Roof replacement is a significant investment that requires careful consideration and planning. By understanding the factors influencing costs and exploring cost-saving strategies, homeowners can ensure a smooth and successful replacement process while safeguarding their property for years to come.


  • What is the average lifespan of a roof?
    The lifespan of a roof varies depending on the type of material used, with asphalt shingles lasting around 20 to 30 years and metal or slate roofs lasting 50 years or more with proper maintenance.
  • Will insurance cover roof replacement?
    Insurance coverage for roof replacement depends on the cause of damage, such as storm damage or normal wear and tear. It’s essential to review your policy and consult with your insurance provider to determine coverage.
  • How can I find a reputable roofing contractor?
    Researching local contractors, reading reviews, and asking for recommendations from friends or family members can help you find a reputable roofing contractor. Be sure to verify their credentials and ask for references before hiring.
  • Can I replace my roof in stages?
    While replacing a roof in stages is possible, it may not be the most cost-effective option in the long run. It’s generally recommended to replace the entire roof at once to ensure uniformity and avoid potential issues with mismatched materials.
  • Are there any eco-friendly roofing options available?
    Yes, several eco-friendly roofing options, such as solar panels, green roofs, and recycled materials, are available. These options not only reduce environmental impact but can also lower energy costs over time.